Once upon a time, the cattleya orchid was the orchid of the bouquet. It's easy to see why: large, long-lasting and colorful flowers adorn this orchid. Now it's your turn to flourish and nurture this classic favorite. But sometimes it's hard to know what to do.
You are wondering if you can properly care for your Cattleya. Much less if you get it to flower.The key to flowering and growing cattleya orchids is bright light and the right temperatures. You need to know how to water, fertilize and pot your Cattleya. Let's talk about how to do that.
Some of the links on this page may be affiliate links.click hereLearn more.
1- Offer Cattleyas bright light
Cattleyas are notorious for their high light requirements.By the way, among orchids, light cattleya has already become the standard. Light is important because without enough of it your orchid will not have stored enough energy to thrive.
You can tell from the color of the leaves whether your Cattleya is getting enough light. Look for a leaf color that is light and light green. Dark green means the orchid is not getting enough light.In other words, if you want to get technical, the cattle will need 2,000 to 4,000 feet of dinghy.
When growing cattleyas at home, you have two options. You can grow your Cattleyas on a windowsill or under lamps. Both options can work.
Growing cattleyas near a window
Place your orchid near a window with plenty of bright but indirect light. As you move your Cattleya from less light to more light, protect the leaves from sunburn and gradually increase the amount of light.
An easy way to gradually increase the light to avoid sunburn is to place a sheer curtain over the window. Over time, open the umbrella for a long time until you can remove it completely.
Cattleya orchids do well in a well-lit window.
Recommended byWilliam Cullina, Understanding Orchids
Growing cattleyas under artificial lights
If you don't have a sunny window, you can still grow Gadoyas. Artificial light is reliable. You can set a timer to turn your lights on and off at specific times and never worry about cloudiness again. To learn how to make lights for your orchids,CLICK HERE.
I personally love growing orchids under lights. Artificial light has enabled me to maintain a much larger and more extensive collection of orchids than I would otherwise have been able to grow.
2- Suitable temperatures for Cattleyas
In general, most Cattleyas are moderate breeders and like daytime temperatures between 21°-29°C. Avoid temperatures above 29°C. These daytime temperatures are very easy to handle for most home growers.
Nighttime target temperatures are between 55°-60°F / 13°-15.6°C at night. If you can provide your cats with a 10 degree temperature difference between day and night, they will be fine. If you live in an area with suitable temperatures, open a window at night. Setting the air conditioning to 55°F / 13°C at night seems a bit excessive.
Just as light is important for orchids to bloom, so is temperature. Cattleyas are considered intermediate producers. Here's a breakdown of ideal temperature ranges for Cattleyas:
- daytime - 60°-70°F (15.5°-21°C)
- Night - not colder than 12.8 °C
- Daytime - 65°-75°F (18.3°-23.9°C), although 85° is fine, over 90°F (32°C) is harmful
- Night – 65°-65°F (18.3°-23.9°C)
3- water cats
One thing I like about growing Cattleyas is that they don't need a winter break. This means you can water your livestock all year round without worrying about overwatering. Here's what you need to know about watering Cattleya.
Note that Cattleyas have thick "stems" called pseudobulbs and leaves. Both the pseudobulbs and the leaves store water.
What this means for you and me is that Cattleya roots like to dry out a bit between watering. When watering, allow water to flow freely and completely through a free-draining potting soil. Then allow the mixture to dry before watering again. Plan to water 1-2 times a week.
Watering is especially important when new roots, pseudobulbs, and leaves are growing. It is best to only water the roots and not the rest of the orchid to prevent bacterial and fungal growth.
4- Give your orchid water in the air - moisture
Living in an arid climate, I find the hardest part of growing Cattleyas to be getting enough moisture. Cattleyas need between 40 and 70% humidity. Since I don't want mold to grow and ruin my walls, I aim for around 50% humidity with a humidifier.
To increase the humidity around my orchids I laymy humidifierProlowand then place my Cattleyas as close to the humidifier as possible without water condensing on the leaves.
You will know if your orchid is getting enough moisture because the leaves are thick and fleshy with no wrinkles.
5- Feed your Cattleya - Manure
To ensure strong roots and foliage and plentiful blooms, fertilize 3 weeks out of 4 at ¼ the recommended level. In the fourth week, flush the growing medium to flush out the fertilizer salts. For potted orchids with bark use anitrogen-rich fertilizer (9-3-6).
Fertilizing is especially important in spring when new roots, leaves, and pseudobulbs are growing. Reduce fertilization when Cattleya is not actively growing, e.g. B. in winter.
6- Air movement to prevent disease
Orchids love moisture. They need airborne water to make up for the water lost through the pores in their leaves (called stomata). But not only orchids thrive well in moisture, also fungi and bacteria.The movement of air, in the form ofVentilator- Pointing down, away from the orchids, helps keep your orchids healthy and free from fungal and bacterial infections.
7- Avoid pests
Keeping your orchid disease free with good airflow is one way to keep your orchids healthy. Another way to keep an eye on the health of your orchids is to regularly inspect them for pests.
Mealybugs, scales (my personal enemy), thrips, aphids, snails and slugs love to feast on orchids. Regular inspection for signs of pests will help you spot insects before they become a nuisance and spread to other orchids. To learn how to treat pests,CLICK HERE.
8- Envasar uma Cattleya
Planting an orchid in a pot can be as intimidating as it is necessary. And I know you can do it!
Since cattleya roots need a lot of airflow, use an open potting soil such as B. Fir bark supplemented with small pieces of rockwool to add moisture and charcoal to prevent the mixture from compacting. There are two main methods of "potting" Cattleyas: mounted and potted.
Cattleyas are naturally suited to riding for a variety of reasons.
- Many Cattleya varieties grow very tall. (Choose a miniature hybrid for a smaller plant.) Large Cattleyas grow quickly but can spread in mounds.
- You can go years without pots if you use mounts. Hooray!
- Although spiked orchids can go years without pots, they can be cared for with daily watering.If you choose to ride your livestock, be prepared to water or mist the roots daily.same withCounted orchids need more moisture than potted orchids.
- Cattleya rhizomes grow horizontally and make ideal mounts.
- Cattleya roots love oxygen and suspended orchid roots are exposed to air.
- Cattleyas are epiphytes and grow on trees. A mount closely resembles its natural growth habitat.
To learn how to mount an orchid,CLICK HERE.
Cattleyas im Glas
If daily watering and high humidity are out of the question for you and your Cattleya, you can always increase it. Unlike most orchids, which grow best in tall, narrow pots, cattleyas grow in shallow, wide pots or baskets.
Before choosing a pot, consider the environment you will be growing it in and the needs of your Cattleyas. In particular, remember that orchids love moisture, but they also like their roots to dry out slightly between watering.
- Slatted baskets dry faster and allow plenty of air to reach the roots.
- Clay pots don't dry out as quickly as baskets and allow good airflow to the roots.
- Plastic pots dry out slower but offer less airflow to the roots.
After sowing, you may find that aRhizom-ClipIt makes sense to leave the Cattleya in the pot until the roots have established themselves in the pot. One end of the clip fits over the side of the pot. The other end is straight and goes between pseudobulbs that hold the orchid in place.
To take a look at my recommended pot set for orchids,CLICK HERE.
9- Cattleya orchids are sympodial: why this matters when planted in pots
Sympodial orchids grow from a thick stem called a rhizome that grows horizontally across the surface of the substrate. The pseudobulbs grow from the rhizome. In fact, most orchids are sympodial rather than monopodial. Phalaenopsis and Vanda orchids are unipod and have a single stem.
Sympodial orchids, including Cattleyas, grow laterally, preferably from one end of the pot to the other. For this reason, when transplanting, it is important to place the cattleya with the older growth towards the side of the pot and the newer growth towards the centre.
Sympodial orchids grown in very small pots will appear to grow out of the pot when the rhizome grows over the edge of the pot.
A wide pot allows Cattleyas to grow sideways. A shallow pot dries out faster than a deep pot and prevents the pot from retaining too much moisture. Bonsai pots are wide and flat and can be used for Cattleya pots.
10- Potting Success – Novas Raízes
To most successfully transplant a Cattleya:
- Pot before the growing medium breaks down.
- Transplant at the first sign of new roots. This is when the Cattleya will accept the pot more easily and recover more quickly from the trauma of the pot.
For a step-by-step guide to potting orchids, seeCLICK HERE.
11- Flowering success - avoiding bud bursting
From time to time you may notice that the sheath covering the bud starts to turn yellow. Use a sterilized razor blade and carefully trim the hem. Be very careful not to damage the newly formed bud. (Don't be shy either.)
Budding buds are caused by fluctuations in the orchid's environment, such as: B. Changes in water, temperature and even pollution. For more information on Gem Blast and how to avoid it,CLICK HERE.
12- My favorite tip for collecting Cattleyas, plus 4 more
My favorite tip: Choose an award-winning Cattleya
Since Cattleyas have been crossed many times, there is a lot of variety. This means that some hybrids are better than others. So no matter which Cattleya you choose, you can also choose a proven winner. Here are some Cattleyas recommended byWilliam Cullin in his bookunderstand orchidsmiMark Hachadourian in his book,modern orchid.
Cattleay Canhamiana 'Asure Skies'
Cattlyea Dinard 'Blauer Himmel'
Cattleya Drumbeat 'Patrimonio'
Cattleya Cattleya Fair Melody 'Carol'
Cattlian the Gold Digger 'Fox Mandarin'
Cattlian, the Jeweler from 'Scheherazade'
Clowesia Rebecca Northern 'Pomelo rosa'
1- Flow issues
It takes a few years for Cattleya to grow large enough to produce flowers. If you are patient and want to save money, buy a younger orchid, take good care of it, and when the orchid is fully grown you will have flowers.
On the other hand, if you don't want to wait for the orchid to grow, ask the seller if the orchid is "flower size."
2- Choose a color, any color
Because there are so many Cattleya hybrids, they come in virtually every color. If you have a favorite color, you'll likely find a Cattleya to match.
3- Standard or miniature size
Orchids that grow in the wild, called orchid species, are usually quite large. If you don't have space for a tall plant, choose a miniature hybrid.
Having limited space I have decided to grow miniature cattleyas and have found them very rewarding. I love spring when I see new pseudobulbs and roots starting to grow. Later, when they bloom, I feel like a real champion! My Cattleya's success is my success.
Yes, you can even choose a Cattleya or a Perfumed Cattleya.
- Cattleya digbyana
- Related to the Cattleyas, the Brassavola is easy to grow and has a lovely nocturnal scent.
13- Last tip: download your own care card
Growing orchids is rewarding, if frustrating at times. To add more fun and less discouragement, I've created a free, easy-to-use, downloadable Cattleya Care Card with information on caring for Cattleyas. to get yoursCLICK HERE.
These care cards cover all the essential information we're talking about here, including temperature, light, moisture, water, fertilization, potting, and medium.
This way you can easily access the information you need to take the best care of your Cattleya orchids.
If you are curious about any of the products such as potting soil, fertilizer and artificial lighting, I personally use and recommend successfully growing orchids, including Cattleyas,CLICK HERE.
Grow cattleya orchids in a warm, bright spot, but away from direct sunlight, particularly through the summer. Minimum night temperatures of 10-15ºC are needed, along with a slightly humid atmosphere. Some air movement from a fan is recommended.How do you force a Cattleya to bloom? ›
To grow well and to flower consistently, cattleyas require a good amount of light, preferably in the range from 2,000 to 3,000 foot-candles (about 65-70% shade), although they will tolerate a great deal more light if it is accompanied by sufficient humidity and air movement to keep the leaf-temperature down.What is the easiest Cattleya to grow? ›
For the hobbyist, C. mossiae has all the qualities to make it a true treasure. It is the easiest Cattleya species to grow, the easiest to flower, and it adapts well to more adverse growing conditions than any other species in the genus. For this reason, it is often recommended as a beginner's orchid.What is the most fragrant Cattleya? ›
The grand prize for the strongest fragrance in the realm of the cattleyas goes indisputably to C. iricolor. As just a green plant, C. iricolor looks like any other cattleya you might see on a bench in someone's green-house.What is the best fertilizer for cattleya orchids? ›
Cattleyas Do Best with an Orchid Specific Fertilizer
That is, give them a standard 10-10-10 fertilizer at half strength or a 20-20-20- fertilizer at quarter strength once a week. When your orchid rests after the growing season, the feeding should be reduced to once every two weeks until the next growing season.
Cattleya Orchid Potting Medium
The best potting mix for your orchid is fir bark, but you can use a commercial growing mix made for orchids. The mix includes perlite, sequoia bark, coconut husk chips, tree fern fiber, gravel, horticultural charcoal, and more.
Misting is not necessary for the Cattleya Orchid as its roots can absorb as much moisture as they require from the soil.Why is my Cattleya not flowering? ›
Light is one of the most important things for a Cattleya to thrive. A Cattleya with dark green leaves will not bloom, but one with light green leaves is getting enough sun to bloom well. Cattleyas, however, should not get direct mid-day sun or they will sunburn. Red-tinged leaves are a sign of too much sun.How can I encourage my orchid to bloom? ›
- Continue to water your orchid with 3 ice cubes once a week. ...
- Fertilize your orchid once or twice a month using a balanced houseplant fertilizer at half strength. ...
- Help your orchids grow by providing plenty of indirect sunlight.
- Put your orchid in a cooler spot at night.
The Cattleya is often in bloom for Mother's Day in the spring but many bloom in the fall as well. As the pseudobulbs on our Cattleya mature we begin to look for the bloom sheath that emerges from where the leaf meets the top of the pseudobulb. The sheath will cover the developing bloom as it matures.
Generally, watering once a week to ten days is sufficient for large cattleyas; seedlings and miniatures need water every five to seven days. When watering, place the plant in the sink and use tepid water. Do not use salt-softened or distilled water. Let the water run through the plant for a minute or so.How many times a year do cattleya orchids bloom? ›
A Cattleya can bloom up to three times a year in a greenhouse environment, however in the home they will bloom once to twice a year. Light: Moderate to bright indirect light. Ideally, early morning direct light as in an east window. West windows are good provided direct sun is not on the orchid.What is the nicest smelling flower in the world? ›
- Gardenia. ...
- Rose. ...
- Lily. ...
- Magnolia. ...
- Jasmine. ...
- Freesia. ...
- Honeysuckle. ...
Lily. Lilies are known for being one of the strongest-smelling flowers around. These large, dramatic flowers come in a range of colors and are perfect for any occasion.Is Miracle Grow good for orchids? ›
How to Fertilize Orchids. After a month, give your orchids extra nutrition with Miracle-Gro® Water Soluble Orchid Food. For best results, apply every two weeks while orchids are blooming, and every four weeks during rest periods, following label directions.What does Epsom salt do for orchids? ›
According to the Epsom Salt Council, the white crystalline “makes plants grow bushier, produces more flowers, increases chlorophyll production, and deters pests (including slugs).” Commercial orchid growers have been supplementing their feeding regimes for over a century and cite noticeable improvement in the bud count ...Are coffee grounds good for orchids? ›
Coffee grounds are an excellent fertilizer, especially for orchids and African violets.What is the best homemade fertilizer for orchids? ›
Milk contains nitrogen-building protein that your orchids require. Feed the plants by mixing one part of milk to four parts of water. Use this every two weeks. Used tea bags, which are high in nitrogen, are especially good for orchids.Do orchids like deep or shallow pots? ›
Most orchids do prefer shallower squat pots, as their roots don't like all the moisture retained in deep pots and they just don't need the depth anyway as their roots spread out, not down.How do you prepare eggshells for orchids? ›
Eggshells are packed with generous amounts of calcium and potassium, which orchids need in order to thrive. This trick is super easy. Simply save eggshells and crush them using a blender or a mortar and pestle.
Set your orchids on top of the pebbles and fill the tray with water, making sure water doesn't touch the bottom of the pots. As the water evaporates, it will humidify the air right around the plant.Do orchids like warm or cold water? ›
The best place to water your plant is in the kitchen sink. Use lukewarm water (do not use salt softened or distilled water) and water your plant for about 15 seconds and be sure to thoroughly wet the media.When should you not water orchids? ›
Watering too often: Orchid plants should never be allowed to sit in still water. In many cases, the plant should completely dry between waterings. Watering at night: No matter what kind of orchid you grow, always water in the morning.How do you force a bloom? ›
What you do: Cut the stems of your flowers on a 45-degree angle. Fill one vase (any old temporary one) with warm water and fill the presentable vase with cold water. Then place those stubborn blooms in the warm water and letthem sit for one minute.Can you force a plant to bloom? ›
To force the blooming process is to imitate what nature does outside, by doing it inside. This means recreating the cold of winter, the warmth of spring, and the rain that falls, to coax flowers to open before they would normally.How do I encourage my orchid to grow a new stem? ›
- Give it enough water, but you should allow it to dry out completely before the next watering. ...
- Make sure that it is in a room with around 50 to 70% humidity. ...
- Fertilize your orchids weekly if there are new growths, then taper off as the plant matures.
Therefore, to answer KC's question, do not use “regular” Miracle-Gro fertilizer for your orchids, because the package likely does not have an instruction specifically for orchids.Are cattleya orchids easy to grow? ›
Cattleya orchids are not difficult to care for, and even beginners can find success with getting them to flower. They make lovely houseplants, but they can also live outside year-round in tropical climates and during the warmer months in areas that experience frost.What is the secret to growing orchids? ›
Lots of indirect Sunlight
Light is the key element to growing amazing orchids and getting them to bloom year after year. They like a lot of indirect light. Find a spot near a sunny window, even on the windowsill. If it's direct light, morning light is best, but any sunny window should do.
Most orchids require a 4, 5 or 6 inch pot. There are seedlings and miniatures that require smaller pots, older specimen plants and some genera (Cymbidium, Phaius, large Cattleya...) that often require 8 inch pots or bigger but the majority of orchids sold in groceries, box stores, florists and the like are not these.
The Cattleya is often in bloom for Mother's Day in the spring but many bloom in the fall as well. As the pseudobulbs on our Cattleya mature we begin to look for the bloom sheath that emerges from where the leaf meets the top of the pseudobulb. The sheath will cover the developing bloom as it matures.Why is my Cattleya growing but not blooming? ›
If Cattleyas don't re-bloom, it's generally a light level issue. They are not a low light plant and need to be grown in a south, southeast or southwest window. Too much sunlight can burn the leaves, but make sure your leaves look yellow.How often should I water my Cattleya orchid? ›
Generally, watering once a week to ten days is sufficient for large cattleyas; seedlings and miniatures need water every five to seven days. When watering, place the plant in the sink and use tepid water. Do not use salt-softened or distilled water. Let the water run through the plant for a minute or so.Do coffee grounds help orchids? ›
Coffee grounds are an excellent fertilizer, especially for orchids and African violets.How does Epsom salt help orchids? ›
According to the Epsom Salt Council, the white crystalline “makes plants grow bushier, produces more flowers, increases chlorophyll production, and deters pests (including slugs).” Commercial orchid growers have been supplementing their feeding regimes for over a century and cite noticeable improvement in the bud count ...